Lower respiratory tract infection

Lower respiratory tract infection

Lower respiratory tract infections are among the most frequent pathologies encountered in clinical practice and often appear in subjects with underlying chronic respiratory diseases, such as in particular asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Pneumonia is diagnosed especially in young children and in elderly subjects.

In the etiology of lower respiratory tract infections, respiratory viruses predominate, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenza, followed by Mycoplasma pneumonia, Chlamydia trachomatis, Legionella, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumonia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli. Bronchitis and CAP have differences in terms of etiology compared to hospital-acquired forms (nosocomial). In fact, the nosocomial respiratory infectious forms are compared to the “community” ones more frequently due to Gram-negative, anaerobic and to the Staphylococcus aureus, while viral forms are rarer.

Lower respiratory tract infections can show various types of symptoms, including cough (often productive) and dyspnea, that is the subjective feeling of shortness of breath that is excessive both for the entity and for the type of physical activity it follows. Fever is a symptom commonly associated with lower respiratory tract infections, although in many cases it may be mild or absent. For the management and treatment of patients with acute bronchitis, symptomatic treatment (anti-inflammatory, cough suppressants) is generally used, and antibiotics are administered in case of severe infection with fever and/or if the condition does not resolve in 5 -6 days.

lower respiratory tract infectionThe treatment of infectious pneumonia varies according to the causative agent and the patient’s clinical conditions. As for infectious bacterial pneumonia, ideally antibiotic therapy should be based on the isolation of the microbial agent with definition of the specific antibiotic-resistance profile; often, however, antibiotic therapy must necessarily be set on an “empirical” basis, i.e. according to the etiological hypothesis formulated on the basis of clinical-epidemiological assessments and any individual risk factors of the patient.

Homeopathic remedies for toothaches

Homeopathic remedies for toothaches

There are different medical systems and through the allopathic medical system is used extensively, there are many who prefer the homeopathic and ayurvedic treatment system, since these medicines may not have major side effects. One of the most common health problems which are faced by a large number of people is toothache since it can be caused due to a number of reasons like cavities and tooth fracture. Hence many people who prefer homeopathic medicines are interested in finding out the homeopathic remedies for toothaches which are more effective.

Some of the remedies for tooth pain which are recommended by homeopathic doctors are:

homeopathic remedies for toothachesPlantago is the most extensively used medicine for toothache since it helps to alleviate the pain in the teeth. It is also used for treating decayed hollow teeth. It may be combined with spigelia and magnesia phos if the pain in the teeth will extend to the ears or other parts of the face.

Silicea is used for treating an abscess in the teeth, due to which pus will accumulate and cause pain while eating

Chamomilla is the recommended medicine for extremely severe pain in the tooth, which is unbearable for the patient, who will cry loudly. It may be combined with coffee for patients who experience pain after eating hot food

Staphysagria may be used for patients who have sensitive teeth. These teeth are usually not causing any pain, yet when the patient is eating food or drinking beverages, the teeth will start paining, so the medicine will treat this specific condition.

Merc sol is recommended for patients who have a foul odor from their mouth, and a lot of salivae is formed in addition to painful teeth. Merc sol may be combined with Staphysagria for treating decaying teeth.

Arnica and Hypericum may be used for treating the mouth after the tooth has been extracted and is also used for ensuring that the filling of the tooth is proper.

Nose contouring tips

Nose contouring tips

To many of us, face makeup is unavoidable. Whether you want to change the appearance of your eyes, nose or cheeks, you have to use the makeup. Now, do you want to make your nose small or big? This is up to you, Face makeup is known to change one’s appearance, but the most amazing fact is that makeup is inconstant. This denotes that you can perfectly change the look on your face when you apply any makeup. To contour any part of your face, just mark it up to proceed with the process.

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Let’s get into nitty gritty of nose contouring tips.  

Apply a primer

Before you start the process, prep and prime the base of your nose. Make sure you use an oil-free primer for perfect application. Apply the matte primer first and proceed to add the foundation. After applying foundation, follow to add a setting powder.

nose contouringBlend

This is a number one trick you should be aware of. Whether it’s a chisel-shaped nose or a longer one. Blending towards inside will make it narrower and give it the perfect shape. For an amazing look, blend the contour and apply a light foundation later.

Begin with your brows

To equalize both sides of your nose, begin contouring your forehead and move downwards to the tips of your nose. Proceed to contour below the nostrils to make it slimmer.

Move your brows

Try to bring your brows closer to your nose. It’s a very simple trick to make your nose appear slimmer. The closer- together your brows are the narrower your nose becomes.

Apply a concealer

Use a concealer on your face that light than your skin color. Apply on either side of your nose and set it with a bright powder. This makes it appear thinner.

By applying one or all of the above strategies, you will definitely have a perfect look on your face.

Breast surgery scars

Breast surgery scars

Breast surgery, like any other surgery, involves skin incision. Therefore, scars are inevitable. You may take breast surgery for breast reduction or enhancement. Either of them, you will have scars after the surgery. However, this does not mean you will be stuck with them for the rest of your life. There are things you can do to minimize them during and after the surgery.

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Your first assignment is to seek a qualified and experienced surgeon. It’s obvious that experienced surgeons will leave you with fewer scarring compared to inexperienced ones. There are two techniques of breast surgery that leaves different scars.

breast surgery scarsShorter-scar technique

The shorter-scar technique involves small incisions. The method is used when you are experiencing breast sagging, and you only want a minimal or moderate reduction of your breast size. Therefore, since the incisions are small, the scarring occupies a small area of your breast.

Large-scar technique

This method entails more incisions resulting in wider areas of scarring. Although you might see this procedure as more extensive, the additional incisions only happen underneath your breast.

Does the scarring change over time?

If the scars remain untreated, they might now become more noticeable. They are also worsened by smoking, excess scrubbing, tanning and scratching the area. You can take care of your scars and reduce their appearance using the following post-care techniques.

Scar massage

This is a method that involves massaging your scars gently using your fingertips. You massage them vertically, horizontally and in circles. The techniques improve collagen production and decrease discomfort.

Scar gels or silicone sheets

Scar gels and silicone sheets are scars solution. Silicone sheets are a form of bandages that have silicone to help dehydrate the part with scars and make your skin more flexible. They also help to reduce pain and other discomforts.


It’s important you embrace wearing sunscreen daily. UV rays may darken your scars and make them more noticeable.

How to remove breast surgery scars

Your doctor can remove your breast scars by carrying certain medical procedures. The procedure will leave new scars that are smaller and less noticeable. You may also undertake laser therapy, topical bleaching medications or chemical peels.

Scars after the surgery are unavoidable. However, having the right plastic surgeon may help you have minimal scarring. Your surgeon may also provide you with the tips for caring for your scarring to boost the healing process.

Nausea after eating sugary foods

Nausea after eating sugary foods

With each passing day, there is more and more evidence that sugar is bad for you. In the majority of cases, it takes time before sugar seriously damages your health. Teeth are the first to get affected tho. You will know some tooth problems brought about by eating too much sweets when you visit www.randwicksmiles.com.au to read about sugary foods. But if you’re having nausea after eating sugary foods you might want to check with your doctor. There could be a lot of reasons why you feel this and here are some of them below.

Diabetes mellitus

Doctors hypothesize that a large number of patients who suffer from diabetes do not even know that they have it. Diabetes makes your body resistant to insulin, making it difficult for your body to deal with sugar. This leads to high amounts of sugar in your blood. One of the symptoms of such a condition is also nausea, along with fatigue, thirst, and blurred vision.

Dumping Syndromenausea after eating sugary foods

This type of condition can only develop in overweight patients who had undergone surgery to remove parts of their stomach. This makes their stomaches almost unable to cope with a larger amount of sugar like foods. Nausea, along with abdominal cramps or diarrhea can develop instantly after eating foods rich with sugar. Other symptoms include a faster heart rate, vomiting, and dizziness.

Fructose intolerance

Fructose is one form of sugar that is usually found in a lot of processed foods. If your body can’t absorb it, you will experience pain in your stomach, constipation, nausea and more. It is harder to diagnose this condition since it varies on a person to person basis.

If you experience nausea after eating sweets be sure to check with your doctor. It could be something harmless, but potentially it could be something serious like diabetes. Sweets are in general bad for your overall health, look to avoid them as much as possible.