An operation is a major challenge for the body, and especially the immune system. Therefore, it is important to prepare him for the surgery in the best possible way. With proper nutrition, this is possible before surgery. However, what should be considered in terms of nutrition before the operation is usually less frequently discussed. It’s important to know the best food to eat night before surgery and what you can’t eat after your surgery.
There is a need for sobriety before an operation: General anesthesia does not only affect the patient’s awareness and pain sensation. Other functions of the body – including vital protective reflexes of the musculature – are stunned. An empty stomach thus serves as a safety measure that no leftovers reach the lungs via the esophagus.
Nutrition on the day of the operation
As a general rule, the patient should not eat for six hours before anesthesia. Two hours earlier, he should also stop hydration. Exceptions are particulate and fat-free beverages. For example, fruit-free juices, teas, coffee without milk and also cola or lemonade are permitted. Children and infants may be breastfed or given the bottle for up to four hours before the anesthesia.
Depending on the intervention, illness, and condition of the patient, individual dietary requirements may exist prior to the operation. This usually applies to persons who are overweight, who are fed on a nasogastric tube, who suffers from a tumor in the upper gastrointestinal tract or who may find it difficult to ventilate.
Nutrition in preparation for the operation
In order to best prepare the body for surgery, a sufficient supply of nutrients in advance is crucial. With proper nutrition before surgery, not only the body but also the immune system is strengthened. A weakened immune system during surgery increases the risks of complications and infections. You should pay attention to a balanced and healthy diet a few weeks before the operation.
Highly recommended is protein: this supports the healing process and the immune system. Vegetables provide the necessary vitamins and nutrients. Quinoa, whole rice or oatmeal sufficient energy. Especially people who are struggling with nutrition problems due to their illness should pay attention to a balanced diet in the weeks before the procedure.
Further measures for your health
For an optimal healing process, it is also beneficial to abstain from smoking and consuming alcohol. Smoking favors wound healing disorders and severe scarring, which is why smokers should not be smoked for two weeks before and up to two weeks after surgery. In addition, it may be the case that you need to stop taking certain medicines before surgery in order to avoid interactions with other medicines. This may also affect herbal and natural remedies.
After the operation, a well-balanced and healthy diet contributes to a speedy recovery. For inpatient stays, this takes into account a special nutritional plan. At home, keeping them for your health is always an advantage.