After undergoing a surgical procedure, it is important to ensure a proper diet as this is an essential determinant in the wound healing process. Having the right diet plan after having surgery provides the body with the essential nutrients that boost immunity, speed up the healing process, provide the body with energy and reduce the risk of developing associated infections.
The best foods to include in the diet after surgery include;
Fruits such as berries, grapes, oranges, mangoes, and pomegranates are rich in antioxidants that help in eliminating free radicles formed in the body as a result of oxidative stress after a surgical procedure. They are also rich in vitamin c which is important in promoting collagen formation, an important protein required for connective tissue formation that speeds up the healing process.
Other fruits such as papaya and pineapples have protein-digesting enzymes that help in reducing inflammation associated with surgical procedures.
Fresh, leafy and green vegetables
These include kales, carrots, spinach, broccoli, cauliflower, sweet potatoes and Brussels sprouts which are rich in various vitamins and minerals that help in boosting the immune system speeding up the healing process. Vitamin A present in these vegetables also increases wound healing after a surgical procedure.
These include vegetables, fruits and whole grains which help in preventing post-surgical constipation associated with pain. Eating foods rich in fiber eases digestion and increases bulk in stool thus preventing constipation.
Fiber-rich foods also contain carbohydrates and proteins which help in providing the required energy to the body and amino acids in proteins promote tissue regeneration which helps in surgical wound healing.
Plenty of fluid-filled food
These include soup, tea, and water from coconuts or plain water which are important after surgery as they increase body hydration speeding up the healing process.
Healthy fat-rich foods
These include avocado, olive oil, nuts, coconut and seeds that help in increasing nutrient absorption including minerals and vitamins that enhance the immune system in wound healing and reduce the chances of infection.
These include chicken, eggs, turkey, fish, whole grains and low sugar content fermented dairy products such as yogurt, and cheese. They help in providing the body with protein required for energy and collagen, zinc and iron minerals essential for surgical wound healing. Fermented dairy products also contain probiotics that ease digestion and reduce the risk of infectious at surgical sites.
It is recommended to avoid foods that are processed, excessively dried, red meat and rich in sugar such as sweets as they tend to cause constipation. Also for patients who already have constipation should avoid dairy products as they can worsen constipation and eat other alternative sources of proteins.